Owner-Draw Pop-up Menus
Download the Owner-Draw Popup Menu demonstration project (22kb)
Before you Begin
This project requires the cNewMenu.DLL component. Make sure you have loaded and registered this before trying any project.
This project requires the SSubTmr.DLL component. Make sure you have loaded and registered this before trying any project.
This project provides sample code for creating completely owner-drawn pop-up menu
items using the cNewMenu ActiveX DLL. If you want to
create a drop-down list of items from your control, and the number of items will fit
onto the screen, then using this DLL to manage all the drop-down functions except
drawing the items themselves can make the task easier.
This project demonstrates two customised menu types:
Owner-Drawn Menu Items
- A line style picker
- A colour picker
Owner drawing menu items involves the following:
Note that there is no problem mixing owner-draw and standard items in the same menu. So if
the way separators draw in the default menu suits your owner-draw menu, you just leave the
OwnerDraw property False for any separators.
- Setting the OwnerDraw property to True for the menu items you want to
- Responding to the MeasureItem event.
This is fired just before a menu item is
going to be displayed and is used to determine the width and height of the menu items. The
DLL will automatically calcuate the size of the menu item based on the text entered for the
item, however if your item is graphical you will want to override the default width and height
with your own values. The overall width of the drop-down menu will automatically set to the
width of the largest item in the menu. Each item can have any height you want. The parameters
to this method are:
- lMenuIndex: The menu item which should be measured (read-only).
- lWidth: The width of the menu item in pixels (read-write).
- lHeight: The height of the menu item in pixels (read-write).
- Responding to the DrawItem event.
This event is fired whenever a menu item needs
to be redrawn (for example, when it is first shown, or when it needs to be highlighed or un-highlighted).
This method passes you the index of the item to be drawn, the device context to draw on, the
bounding rectangle of the item and various flags telling you the state of the item, as follows:
You have two options for drawing the menu item. You can either draw directly onto the DC passing
using GDI methods, or you can use to VB drawing methods to draw onto a hidden picture box with
AutoRedraw set to True, and use the BitBlt GDI function to transfer what you have
drawn into the menu's DC. The demonstration code shows how to use the GDI methods to do this.
- hdc : handle of the device context to draw on (read-only).
- lMenuIndex: the menu item which should be drawn (read-only).
- lLeft: the left point of the menu item to be drawn in the DC, in pixels (read-write)
- lTop: the top point.
- lRight: the right point.
- lBottom: the bottom point.
- bSelected: Whether the item is selected (read-only)
- bChecked: Whether the item is checked (read-only)
- bDisabled: Whether the item is disabled (read-only)
- bDoDefault: A boolean flag indicating whether the default drawing method should be done
after you have finished handling the event. Set to True to perform the default drawing method.
See Start Menu/ICQ Style Pop-up Menus for a demonstration of how to use
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